This year marks the 80th anniversary of the Battle of the Khalkh River (often written as Khalkhiin Gol) where Mongolian People’s Republic (MPR) and U.S.S.R armies fought the Imperial Army of Japan (IAJ), and Manchukuo from May-September 1939. The Battle of Khalkh River is also recorded in historical archives as Nomonhan Incident.
Mongolia’s military has an expanding role at home and abroad. Mongolia’s land-based military has faced many modernizing challenges and opportunities throughout history. The ancient Mongol